IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 46 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog4637.2019
Open Access Original Research
Comparison of dietary behaviour of a selected student population as regards their influence on fertility
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1 Department of Morphological and Health Sciences, Dietetic Division, Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wlkp., Poznań University of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland
2 Division of Gynecology, Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2019 , 46(3), 450–457; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog4637.2019
Published: 10 June 2019
Abstract

Purpose of investigation: According to the research, there is a link between lifestyle, the use of stimulants, eating disorders (ED), and the incidence of ovulatory infertility. The aim of this study was to assess the differences between the quality of diets, the use of stimulants, nutritional status, the level of physical activity (PAL), and ED among male and female university students. Materials and Methods: The study included 112 female and 42 male students. Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was utilized to assess dietary pattern and nutrient intake. Fertility dietary scores were evaluated based on frequency of food consumption using Index of Fertility Diet (IFD) and Index of Infertility Diet (IID). Results: Female students were more likely to consume food items associated with better reproductive health, while men preferred products that adversely affect fertility. Irregular physical activity has been observed among female as well as male students. In addition, 30% of the population smoked, and almost 90% of the women and 98% of the men drank alcohol. Scores indicative of ED were present in 10.7% of female and 4.8% of male students. Conclusions: The students, in particular men, demonstrated deficiencies in terms of their health education. Studies have shown that in order to prevent infertility, young people need education and early diagnosis, as well as prevention of EDs.

Keywords
Dietary patterns
Male students
Female students
University students
Fertility disorders
Eating disorders
Figures
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