IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 48 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2369
Open Access Original Research
Frequency of cesarean section in pregnant women with risk factors for preeclampsia: prospective cohort study
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1 Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University Clinical Centre Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2 School of Medicine, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3 Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, General Hospital Tešanj, 74260 Tešanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4 Gynecology Centre “Dr Mahira Jahic” Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5 University Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Hospital, “Sveti Duh”, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
6 School of Medicine, Croatian Catholic University Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2021 , 48(3), 561–566; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog.2021.03.2369
Submitted: 18 November 2020 | Revised: 21 January 2021 | Accepted: 14 February 2021 | Published: 15 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Caesarean Section Today - “Caesarology in the 21st Century”)
Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy associated with new-onset hypertension after the 20th week of gestation. The aim of this study is to examine frequency of cesarean delivery in pregnant women with risk for developing preeclampsia compared with pregnant women with normal pregnancy. Methods: The prospective study included 240 pregnant women. The experimental group had 120 pregnant women with preeclampsia risk factors. The control group had 120 pregnant women with no pregnancy risk factors. The method of delivery completion was analyzed. Results: In the experimental group, 88 (73.3%) pregnant women completed delivery vaginally, by cesarean section in 32 (26.7%). In the control group of vaginally deliveries were 105 (87.5%), by cesarean section 15 (12.5%). The difference in the frequency of method of delivery between the experimental and control groups is not random (p = 0.009). The chance of completing a delivery by cesarean section 2.54 times is higher in the experimental than in the control group. In the control group, it was found that the RI of uterine arteries in women who delivered by cesarean section was statistically significantly higher than in vaginal delivery (p = 0.038). Conclusion: Cesarean section is the most commonly used surgical procedure to complete delivery in pregnant womens with risk factors for preeclampsia, which confirmed our study.

Keywords
Cesarean section
Preeclampsia
Ultrasound
Figures
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