IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 40 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo4277.2019
Open Access Original Research
Evaluation of p16/Ki67 dual staining compared with high-risk HPV testing to assess liquid-based cytology with atypical squamous cells of unknown significance
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
2 Department of Pathology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing Medical College, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, China
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2019 , 40(2), 249–253; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo4277.2019
Published: 10 April 2019
Abstract

Objective: To compare the clinical performance of p16/Ki67 dual staining and high risk-human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) testing as an auxiliary monitoring index to triage atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS). Materials and Methods: Fifty-four patients diagnosed with ASCUS by liquid-based cytology were inspected by colposcopy-guided biopsy and cervical histopathological examination. The cytological samples were tested for HR-HPV with Cervista HPV assays, and the cell morphology was evaluated with dual staining using the CINtec PLUS kit. ROC curves were used to evaluate the diagnostic value of p16/Ki67 dual staining and HR-HPV assays to detect underlying CIN2+ in ASCUS patients. The kappa value assessed the reliability of p16/Ki67 dual staining and HR-HPV, and the diagnostic advantages of the two tests were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Results: Twenty-two of the 54 ASCUS cases were diagnosed as CIN2+ by histopathology. The area under the ROC curve was 0.776 (95%CI 0.647-0.904) and 0.689 (95%CI 0.548-0.830) for CIN2+ detection using p16/Ki67 dual-staining cytology and HR-HPV, respectively. P16/Ki67 dual staining demonstrated a sensitivity and negative predictive value similar to that of HR-HPV for detecting underlying CIN2+ in ASCUS (86.36% vs. 90.91%, 88.00% vs. 88.24%). There was a certain degree of concordance between the p16/Ki67 dual staining cytological assay and the HR-HPV test (kappa = 0.315, p = 0.015). The accuracy of CIN2+ diagnosis using p16/Ki67 dual staining cytology was higher than that of HR-HPV (OR=11.025 vs. OR=6.026, p = 0.001). Conclusions: P16/Ki67 dual staining and HR-HPV can be used as an auxiliary monitoring index to triage ASCUS. The diagnostic value of p16/Ki67 dual staining was superior to that of HR-HPV for detecting underlying CIN2+ in ASCUS.

Keywords
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Atypical squamous cell of undetermined significance(ASCUS)
P16/Ki67 dual staining
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
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