IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 42 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo.2021.01.2270
Open Access Systematic Review
Surgical approach in early stage cervical cancer: the Asian view point
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Shimokasuya, Isehara, 259-1100 Kanagawa, Japan
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Toyohashi general hospital, 440-0001 Toyohashi, Japan
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2021 , 42(1), 30–37;
Submitted: 15 October 2020 | Revised: 16 November 2020 | Accepted: 20 November 2020 | Published: 15 February 2021

Objective: To examine the current practice of radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer in Asia after the Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer (LACC) trial. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Asia to examine the prevalence and management of women with early-stage cervical cancer. The study was conducted among gynecologic oncologists at leading hospitals in the Asian Society of Gynecologic Oncology Council members. A systematic literature review was performed to examine the association between survival outcomes and surgical approach after the LACC trial. Results: Seven countries participated voluntarily in the study. The incidence, mortality, and centralization of treatment in early-stage cervical cancer were different among the seven countries. The number of specialized centers per population density in Japan was higher than that in the other countries. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach for cervical cancer was common in Korea (56%) and Hong Kong (80-90%), but not in the other countries (2-20%). In the systematic review, there was a significant difference in survival outcomes between MIS and open surgery (recurrence, hazard ratio 1.83, 95% confidence interval 1.27-2.62). MIS without a uterine manipulator or making a vaginal cuff closure produced similar recurrence rates compared with open surgery (MIS without uterine manipulator vs open-surgery: 10.5% vs 10.1%, and MIS with cuff closure vs open-surgery 7.2% vs 10.1%; all P > 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of MIS for early-stage cervical cancer varies across Asian regions after the LACC trial. Surgical methods to avoid tumor spillage may be useful for improving survival.

Cervical cancer
Radical hysterectomy
Minimally invasive surgery
Uterine manipulator
Vaginal cuff closure
Fig. 1.
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