IMR Press / RCM / Volume 22 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2203101
Open Access Original Research
Comparison of standard versus modified stenting technique for treatment of tapered coronary artery lesions
Dan Ke1,2,†Xi He1,2,†Chaogui Lin1,2Lianglong Chen1,2,*
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1 Department of Cardiology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 350001 Fuzhou, Fujian, China
2 Fujian Institute of Coronary Artery Disease, 350001 Fuzhou, Fujian, China
These authors contributed equally.
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2021 , 22(3), 931–938; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.rcm2203101
Submitted: 27 February 2021 | Revised: 3 May 2021 | Accepted: 27 May 2021 | Published: 24 September 2021
Abstract

Tapered coronary artery lesions (TCALs) are often seen clinically, optimal stenting of TCALs remains challengeable. This study sought to compare clinical outcomes between the modified single stenting (MSS) and conventional overlapped stenting (COS) in treatment of TCALs. 150 patients were treated with MSS (MSS group), another 150 patients were matched with propensity score matching from 5055 patients treated with COS (COS group). Quantitative coronary angiography was performed to measure minimal lumen diameter (MLD), late lumen loss (LLL). The primary endpoint was immediate angiographic success, one-year cumulative major cardiac adverse events (MACEs) composing cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI), target lesion/vessel revascularization (TLR/TVR) or stent thrombosis (ST). Post-procedural in-stent MLD (2.96 ± 0.34 versus 3.08 ± 0.33, P = 0.004) was smaller and diameter stenosis (11.7 ± 4.0% versus 9.0 ± 4.8%, P = 0.003) was higher in MSS group than COS group. At 1-year follow-up, in-stent MLD (2.76 ± 0.38 mm versus 2.65 ± 0.60 mm, P = 0.003) was reduced, LLL (0.20 ± 0.26 mm versus 0.42 ± 0.48 mm, P = 0.001), diameter stenosis (24.02 ± 20.94% versus 19.68 ± 11.75%, P = 0.028) and binary restenosis (18.7% versus 10.0%, P = 0.047) were increased in COS group. Angiographic success (96.7% versus 98.0%, P = 0.723) was similar between MSS group and COS group. At 1-year, the cumulative MACEs (12.0% versus 22.7%, P = 0.022) and TLR/TVR (10.0% versus 18.7%, P = 0.047) were reduced in MSS group as compared to COS group, there was no difference in cardiac death, TVMI and ST between the groups. Compared to conventional overlapped stenting, modified single stenting for TCALs is associated with similar angiographic success, fewer one-year cumulative MACEs and less treatment cost.

Keywords
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Tapered coronary artery lesion
Stenting
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