Academic Editor: Brian Tomlinson
This article belongs to the Special Issue: State-of-the-Art Cardiovascular Medicine in Asia 2021 (https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/subject/listSubjectChapters.do?subjectId=1621394403410).
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have shown cardioprotective or renoprotective effects in various animal models. Our study proposed that the HDAC inhibitor, mocetinostat, regulates cardiac remodelling and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity in rats with transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac remodelling was evaluated using echocardiography. Cardiac hypertrophy was visualized with haematoxylin and eosin staining, and related gene (Nppa and Nppb) expression was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cardiac and renal fibrosis were visualized with picrosirius red and trichrome staining, respectively. Fibrosis related gene (Collagen-1, Collagen-3, Ctgf, and Fibronectin) expression was determined by qRT-PCR. Serum concentrations of RAS components (renin, angiotensin II, and aldosterone) were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and related gene (Renin and Agtr1) expression was determined by qRT-PCR. TAC-induced pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy, which mimics hypertensive heart disease, increased cardiac remodelling, cardiac hypertrophy, and fibrosis in our rat models. Upon treatment with mocetinostat, there was a significant regression in cardiac remodelling, cardiac hypertrophy, and fibrosis in TAC rats. Additionally, pressure overload-induced renal fibrosis and activity of RAS-related components were increased in TAC rats, and were decreased on treatment with mocetinostat. The present study indicates that mocetinostat, an HDAC inhibitor, has cardiorenal protective effects in rats with TAC-induced pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy and offers a promising therapeutic agent for hypertension-related diseases.