IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 38 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3973.2017
Open Access Case Report
Association of endometrioid ovarian carcinoma arising from endometriosis, endometrioid endometrial carcinoma, and high-grade undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma: a case report
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1 Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, University of Rome "Sapienza", Rome, Italy
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2017 , 38(4), 638–641; https://doi.org/10.12892/ejgo3973.2017
Published: 10 August 2017
Abstract

Endometriosis is a chronic disease that affects women of reproductive age. Malignant transformation in endometriosis is considered to be an unusual event, only occurring in 0.7–0.1% of cases. However the association between endometriosis and endometrial cancer is not well defined. Also in literature, rare cases of uterine sarcoma, about 3% of all uterine malignancies, associated with endometriosis have been reported. The authors report a case of a 47-years-old Italian woman with histologic diagnosis of endometrioid ovarian carcinoma arising from endometriosis, endometrioid endometrial carcinoma, and undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma. Therefore there have been few studies addressing the relationship between endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS), and endometriosis. Novel scientific findings are necessary to investigate a possible common pathway and an effective treatment, although complete tumor resection can reduce the recurrence rate.
Keywords
Endometriosis
Endometrial stromal sarcomas
Endometrial cancer
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