IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 45 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog4113.2018
Open Access Original Research
Pelvic floor muscle thickness in women with polycystic ovary syndrome
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1 Health Sciences Graduate Program of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil
2 Department of Physical Therapy of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Nata, Brazil
3 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil
4 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the Potiguar University, Natal, Brazil
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2018 , 45(6), 813–816; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog4113.2018
Published: 10 December 2018
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate pelvic floor muscle (PFM) thickness in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) group and compare it to those with normal menstrual cycle (control group). Materials and Methods: Transperineal ultrasound examination was used to evaluate the thickness of the bilateral pelvic floor muscles Results: The mean age was 25.1 ± 2.1 and 24.2 ± 1.9 years in PCOS and control groups, respectively (p > 0.05). Body mass index averaged 22.5 ± 0.9 in the control group and 27.8 ± 2.6 in the PCOS group (p = 0.03). There was no difference between the thickness of the pelvic floor muscles (PCOS group: right 1.12 ± 0.5, left 1.0 ± 0.6 and control group: right 0.89 ± 0.6 and left 0.94 ± 0.4. Conclusions: There was no differences in pelvic floor muscle thickness identified by ultrasound. However, the PCOS group exhibited a tendency to greater thickness. This may be due to the state of hyperandrogenism or abdominal overload.
Keywords
Hyperandrogenism
Pelvic floor
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Muscle
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